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Australien Wikipedia Englisch

Australien Wikipedia Englisch Inhaltsverzeichnis

Australien (amtlicher deutscher Name; englisch Commonwealth of Australia, deutsch veraltet Australischer Bund) ist ein Staat auf der Südhalbkugel der Erde,​. Australisches Englisch (AuE; en-AU) ist die in Australien gesprochene und geschriebene Variante des Englischen. Australisches Englisch unterscheidet sich. Die Geschichte Australiens beschreibt die Geschichte des Gebiets des heutigen australischen Januar (englisch; Präsentiert Schlüsseldokumente, die die Grundlage der australischen Nation bilden). Die Geschichte Australiens. Übersichtskarte Australiens. Kultur und Gesellschaft. Ned Kelly, berühmtester Straßenräuber Australiens. Allgemein: Australisches Englisch. Australien als Kontinent umfasst eine Hauptlandmasse, das australische Festland, und die Amtssprache Australiens und Papua-Neuguineas ist Englisch, in.

Australien Wikipedia Englisch

Die australischen Sprachen sind die Sprachen, die von der Urbevölkerung Australiens April im Internet Archive) McConvell, (englisch, PDF; 1,02 MB​). Aufgrund der großen Nord-Süd-Ausdehnung des Kontinentes finden sich in Australien sehr العربية · English · Esperanto · Español · Suomi · Français · Gaeilge · Italiano · ქართული · Lietuvių · Norsk nynorsk · Norsk bokmål · Polski. Übersichtskarte Australiens. Kultur und Gesellschaft. Ned Kelly, berühmtester Straßenräuber Australiens. Allgemein: Australisches Englisch.

Australien Wikipedia Englisch Video

Rammstein - Ausländer (Official Video)

The two were unified as the Territory of Papua and New Guinea in and gained independence from Australia in Britain's Statute of Westminster formally ended most of the constitutional links between Australia and the UK.

Australia adopted it in , [] but it was backdated to to confirm the validity of legislation passed by the Australian Parliament during World War II.

Since the s and following the abolition of the White Australia policy , immigration from Asia and elsewhere was also promoted.

Since the publication of the landmark critique The Lucky Country by Donald Horne and the election of the Whitlam Government in , [] there has been an increasing focus in foreign policy on ties with other Pacific Rim nations, while maintaining close ties with Australia's traditional allies and trading partners.

The world's smallest continent [] and sixth largest country by total area , [] Australia—owing to its size and isolation—is often dubbed the "island continent" [] and is sometimes considered the world's largest island.

This exclusive economic zone does not include the Australian Antarctic Territory. Mount Augustus , claimed to be the world's largest monolith, [] is located in Western Australia.

Australia's size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with tropical rainforests in the north-east, mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east, and desert in the centre.

The landscapes of the Top End and the Gulf Country —with their tropical climate—include forest, woodland , wetland, grassland , rainforest and desert.

The Victoria Plains tropical savanna lies south of the Kimberly and Arnhem Land savannas, forming a transition between the coastal savannas and the interior deserts.

Prominent features of the centre and south include Uluru also known as Ayers Rock , the famous sandstone monolith, and the inland Simpson , Tirari and Sturt Stony , Gibson , Great Sandy, Tanami , and Great Victoria deserts, with the famous Nullarbor Plain on the southern coast.

Lying on the Indo-Australian Plate , the mainland of Australia is the lowest and most primordial landmass on Earth with a relatively stable geological history.

The Pilbara Craton is one of only two pristine Archaean 3. Having been part of all major supercontinents , the Australian continent began to form after the breakup of Gondwana in the Permian , with the separation of the continental landmass from the African continent and Indian subcontinent.

It separated from Antarctica over a prolonged period beginning in the Permian and continuing through to the Cretaceous.

Then between about 8, and 6, BC, the lowlands in the north were flooded by the sea, separating New Guinea, the Aru Islands , and the mainland of Australia.

The Australian mainland and Tasmania are situated in the middle of the tectonic plate and currently have no active volcanoes, [] but due to passing over the East Australia hotspot , recent volcanism has occurred during the Holocene , in the Newer Volcanics Province of western Victoria and southeastern South Australia.

Volcanism also occurs in the island of New Guinea considered geologically as part of the Australian continent , and in the Australian external territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands.

Much of the northern part of the country has a tropical, predominantly summer-rainfall monsoon.

The interior is arid to semi-arid. Water restrictions are frequently in place in many regions and cities of Australia in response to chronic shortages due to urban population increases and localised drought.

Australia's carbon dioxide emissions per capita are among the highest in the world, lower than those of only a few other industrialised nations.

Although most of Australia is semi-arid or desert, the continent includes a diverse range of habitats from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests.

Feral cats may have been introduced in the 17th century by Dutch shipwrecks, and later in the 18th century by European settlers.

They are now considered a major factor in the decline and extinction of many vulnerable and endangered native species. Australian forests are mostly made up of evergreen species, particularly eucalyptus trees in the less arid regions; wattles replace them as the dominant species in drier regions and deserts.

Many of Australia's ecoregions, and the species within those regions, are threatened by human activities and introduced animal, chromistan , fungal and plant species.

Australia is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. It is also one of the world's oldest federations , in which power is divided between the federal and state and territorial governments.

The Australian system of government combines elements derived from the political systems of the United Kingdom a fused executive , constitutional monarchy and strong party discipline and the United States federalism , a written constitution and strong bicameralism with an elected upper house , along with distinctive indigenous features.

The federal government is separated into three branches:. Elizabeth II reigns as Queen of Australia and is represented in Australia by the governor-general at the federal level and by the governors at the state level, who by convention act on the advice of her ministers.

The governor-general does have extraordinary reserve powers which may be exercised outside the prime minister's request in rare and limited circumstances, the most notable exercise of which was the dismissal of the Whitlam Government in the constitutional crisis of In the Senate the upper house , there are 76 senators: twelve each from the states and two each from the mainland territories the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.

Australia's electoral system uses preferential voting for all lower house elections with the exception of Tasmania and the ACT which, along with the Senate and most state upper houses, combine it with proportional representation in a system known as the single transferable vote.

Voting is compulsory for all enrolled citizens 18 years and over in every jurisdiction, [] as is enrolment with the exception of South Australia.

In cases where no party has majority support, the Governor-General has the constitutional power to appoint the Prime Minister and, if necessary, dismiss one that has lost the confidence of Parliament.

There are two major political groups that usually form government, federally and in the states: the Australian Labor Party and the Coalition which is a formal grouping of the Liberal Party and its minor partner, the National Party.

The Australian Greens are often considered the "third force" in politics, being the third largest party by both vote and membership. The most recent federal election was held on 18 May and resulted in the Coalition, led by Prime Minister Scott Morrison , retaining government.

In most respects, these two territories function as states, except that the Commonwealth Parliament has the power to modify or repeal any legislation passed by the territory parliaments.

Under the constitution, the states essentially have plenary legislative power to legislate on any subject, whereas the Commonwealth federal Parliament may legislate only within the subject areas enumerated under section For example, state parliaments have the power to legislate with respect to education, criminal law and state police, health, transport, and local government, but the Commonwealth Parliament does not have any specific power to legislate in these areas.

Each state and major mainland territory has its own parliament — unicameral in the Northern Territory, the ACT and Queensland, and bicameral in the other states.

The states are sovereign entities, although subject to certain powers of the Commonwealth as defined by the Constitution. The head of the government in each state is the Premier and in each territory the Chief Minister.

The Queen is represented in each state by a governor ; and in the Northern Territory, the administrator. Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations , in which the Commonwealth Heads of Government meetings provide the main forum for co-operation.

Australia maintains a deeply integrated relationship with neighbouring New Zealand, with free mobility of citizens between the two countries under the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement and free trade under the Australia—New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement.

A founding member country of the United Nations, Australia is strongly committed to multilateralism [] and maintains an international aid program under which some 60 countries receive assistance.

The titular role of Commander-in-Chief is vested in the Governor-General , who appoints a Chief of the Defence Force from one of the armed services on the advice of the government.

A wealthy country, Australia has a market economy , a high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. In terms of average wealth, Australia ranked second in the world after Switzerland from until An emphasis on exporting commodities rather than manufactured goods has underpinned a significant increase in Australia's terms of trade since the start of the 21st century, due to rising commodity prices.

Australia was the only advanced economy not to experience a recession due to the global financial downturn in — The Hawke Government floated the Australian dollar in and partially deregulated the financial system.

In , Newstart unemployment allowance recipients were registered, a total that increased to , in March Since [ when?

Access to biocapacity in Australia is much higher than world average. In , Australia had This means they use half as much biocapacity as Australia contains.

As a result, Australia is running a biocapacity reserve. It also estimated that there are , Australia has an average population density of 3.

The population is heavily concentrated on the east coast, and in particular in the south-eastern region between South East Queensland to the north-east and Adelaide to the south-west.

In common with many other developed countries, Australia is experiencing a demographic shift towards an older population, with more retirees and fewer people of working age.

In the average age of the Australian population was Between and the Second World War , the vast majority of settlers and immigrants came from the British Isles principally England , Ireland and Scotland , although there was significant immigration from China and Germany during the 19th century.

In the decades immediately following the Second World War, Australia received a large wave of immigration from across Europe , with many more immigrants arriving from Southern and Eastern Europe than in previous decades.

Since the end of the White Australia policy in , Australia has pursued an official policy of multiculturalism , [] and there has been a large and continuing wave of immigration from across the world, with Asia being the largest source of immigrants in the 21st century.

In the Australian census, the most commonly nominated ancestries were: [N 9] [] []. At the census, , people 2.

Although Australia has no official language, English is the de facto national language. According to the census, English is the only language spoken in the home for The next most common languages spoken at home are Mandarin 2.

Over Indigenous Australian languages are thought to have existed at the time of first European contact, [] of which fewer than twenty are still in daily use by all age groups.

Australia has no state religion ; Section of the Australian Constitution prohibits the federal government from making any law to establish any religion, impose any religious observance, or prohibit the free exercise of any religion.

The remaining 9. Before European settlement, the animist beliefs of Australia's indigenous people had been practised for many thousands of years.

Mainland Aboriginal Australians' spirituality is known as the Dreamtime and it places a heavy emphasis on belonging to the land. The collection of stories that it contains shaped Aboriginal law and customs.

Aboriginal art , story and dance continue to draw on these spiritual traditions. The spirituality and customs of Torres Strait Islanders , who inhabit the islands between Australia and New Guinea, reflected their Melanesian origins and dependence on the sea.

The Australian census counted more than respondents as followers of a traditional Aboriginal religion. Since the arrival of the First Fleet of British ships in , Christianity has become the major religion practised in Australia.

Christian churches have played an integral role in the development of education, health and welfare services in Australia. For much of Australian history, the Church of England now known as the Anglican Church of Australia was the largest religious denomination, with a large Roman Catholic minority.

However, multicultural immigration has contributed to a steep decline in its relative position since the Second World War.

Australia has one of the lowest levels of religious adherence in the world. Australia's life expectancy is the third highest in the world for males and the seventh highest for females.

Ranked second in preventable causes is hypertension at 7. Total expenditure on health including private sector spending is around 9.

School attendance, or registration for home schooling, [] is compulsory throughout Australia.

Catholic education accounts for the largest non-government sector. Australia has 37 government-funded universities and two private universities, as well as a number of other specialist institutions that provide approved courses at the higher education level.

Australia has the highest ratio of international students per head of population in the world by a large margin, with , international students enrolled in the nation's universities and vocational institutions in International education therefore represents one of the country's largest exports and has a pronounced influence on the country's demographics, with a significant proportion of international students remaining in Australia after graduation on various skill and employment visas.

Since , the primary influence behind Australian culture has been Anglo-Celtic Western culture , with some Indigenous influences.

Other cultural influences come from neighbouring Asian countries, and through large-scale immigration from non-English-speaking nations.

Traditional designs, patterns and stories infuse contemporary Indigenous Australian art , "the last great art movement of the 20th century"; [] its exponents include Emily Kame Kngwarreye.

Australian literature grew slowly in the decades following European settlement though Indigenous oral traditions , many of which have since been recorded in writing, are much older.

Their works are still popular; Paterson's bush poem " Waltzing Matilda " is regarded as Australia's unofficial national anthem. Many of Australia's performing arts companies receive funding through the federal government's Australia Council.

Each state has a publicly funded theatre company. The Story of the Kelly Gang , the world's first feature length film, spurred a boom in Australian cinema during the silent film era.

Australia has two public broadcasters the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and the multicultural Special Broadcasting Service , three commercial television networks, several pay-TV services, [] and numerous public, non-profit television and radio stations.

Each major city has at least one daily newspaper, [] and there are two national daily newspapers, The Australian and The Australian Financial Review.

Most Indigenous Australian groups subsisted on a simple hunter-gatherer diet of native fauna and flora, otherwise called bush tucker.

Australia is also known for its cafe and coffee culture in urban centres , which has influenced coffee culture abroad, including New York City.

Australia is unique in that it has professional leagues for four football codes. Australian rules football , the world's oldest major football code and Australia's most popular sport in terms of revenue and spectatorship, originated in Melbourne in the late s, and predominates in all states except New South Wales and Queensland, where rugby league holds sway, followed by rugby union.

Soccer , while ranked fourth in popularity and resources, has the highest overall participation rates. The Australian national cricket team has participated in every edition of the Cricket World Cup.

Australia has been very successful in the event, winning the tournament five times, the record number. Australia is a powerhouse in water-based sports, such as swimming and surfing.

The annual Melbourne Cup horse race and the Sydney to Hobart yacht race attract intense interest. Australia is one of five nations to have participated in every Summer Olympics of the modern era, [] and has hosted the Games twice: in Melbourne and in Sydney.

Other major international events held in Australia include the Australian Open tennis grand slam tournament, international cricket matches, and the Australian Formula One Grand Prix.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For the continent, see Australia continent.

For other uses, see Australia disambiguation. Island country in the southern hemisphere. Commonwealth of Australia, including the Australian territorial claim in the Antarctic.

Australian Aussie colloquial [4] [5]. Main article: Name of Australia. Main article: History of Australia. See also: Indigenous Australians.

See also: European exploration of Australia. Main articles: Geography of Australia and Environment of Australia. See also: Environmental issues in Australia.

Main article: Geology of Australia. Main article: Climate of Australia. Main articles: Government of Australia and Politics of Australia.

Elizabeth II , Queen of Australia. David Hurley , Governor-General of Australia. Scott Morrison , Prime Minister of Australia.

Main article: States and territories of Australia. Main article: Foreign relations of Australia. Main article: Australian Defence Force.

Main article: Economy of Australia. Main articles: Demography of Australia and List of cities in Australia by population. Largest populated areas in Australia data from Australian Bureau of Statistics [].

Main articles: Immigration to Australia and Indigenous Australians. English Main article: Languages of Australia. Main article: Religion in Australia.

Religion in Australia [] Religion Percent Christianity total. See also: Health care in Australia. Main article: Education in Australia.

Main article: Culture of Australia. Main article: Australian cuisine. Main article: Sport in Australia. Australia portal Oceania portal.

In other contexts, the national anthem of Australia, " Advance Australia Fair ", is played. In , a vote of IHO member nations defined the term "Southern Ocean" as applying only to the waters between Antarctica and 60 degrees south latitude.

The Australian Census collects information on ancestry, but not on race or ethnicity. Indigenous identification is separate to the ancestry question on the Australian Census and persons identifying as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander may identify any ancestry.

Archived from the original on 1 July Other matters — Archived from the original on 23 September Archived from the original PDF on 11 June Retrieved 7 June Department of Immigration and Citizenship.

Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 11 January Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 August Bishopbriggs, Glasgow: HarperCollins.

Australian Bureau of Statistics website. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 25 October The population estimate shown is automatically calculated daily at UTC and is based on data obtained from the population clock on the date shown in the citation.

Retrieved 27 June International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 March University of New South Wales. Archived from the original PDF on 22 March Retrieved 18 March United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 9 December Retrieved 5 August It shall be lawful for the Queen, with the advice of the Privy Council, to declare by proclamation that, on and after a day therein appointed, not being later than one year after the passing of this Act, the people of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and Tasmania, and also, if Her Majesty is satisfied that the people of Western Australia have agreed thereto, of Western Australia, shall be united in a Federal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Retrieved 1 December Bibcode : Natur. Gondwana Research. Bibcode : GondR.. The Sydney Morning Herald.

Retrieved 5 April Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 13 August Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 23 April The Advertiser. Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Australia has the oldest, most highly weathered soils on the planet.

Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 19 May Archived from the original on 21 July Retrieved 24 July Accessed on 1 April Accessed from International migrant stock maps on 24 May Archived from the original on 13 December Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 14 April Retrieved 28 October Illustrated Sydney News.

National Library of Australia. Retrieved 29 January The Life of Captain Matthew Flinders. Kessinger Publishing. A Voyage to Terra Australis.

The Mail Adelaide, SA. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. Retrieved 14 February Life in Australia PDF.

Zudem hat sich die englische Sprache heute durch die globale Verbreitung in viele Varianten aufgeteilt.

Viele europäische Sprachen bilden auch völlig neue Begriffe auf Basis der englischen Sprache Anglizismen , Scheinanglizismen. Auch in einigen Fachsprachen werden die Termini von Anglizismen geprägt, vor allem in stark globalisierten Bereichen wie z.

Informatik oder Wirtschaft. Der Sprachcode ist en oder eng nach ISO bzw. Der Code für Altenglisch bzw.

Angelsächsisch etwa die Jahre bis n. Die Sprachstufen des Englischen lassen sich wie folgt bestimmen: [9]. Durch die weltweite Verbreitung der englischen Sprache hat diese zahlreiche Varietäten entwickelt oder sich mit anderen Sprachen vermischt.

Für den raschen Erwerb des Englischen wurden immer wieder vereinfachte Formen konstruiert, so Basic English bzw.

Daneben hat sich eine Reihe von Pidgin- und Kreolsprachen 1 auf englischem Substrat vor allem in der Karibik, Afrika und Ozeanien entwickelt.

Dabei handelt es sich nicht um Varianten des Englischen, sondern um Erscheinungen in der jeweils betroffenen Sprache.

Die Entwicklung des Englischen zur lingua franca im Jahrhundert beeinflusst die meisten Sprachen der Welt. Mitunter werden Wörter ersetzt oder bei Neuerscheinungen ohne eigene Übersetzung übernommen.

Diese Entwicklung wird von manchen skeptisch betrachtet, insbesondere dann, wenn es genügend Synonyme in der Landessprache gibt.

Kritiker merken auch an, es handle sich des Öfteren beispielsweise bei Handy im Deutschen um Scheinanglizismen.

Mitunter wird auch eine unzureichende Kenntnis der englischen Sprache für die Vermischung und den Ersatz bestehender Wörter durch Scheinanglizismen verantwortlich gemacht.

In der Gruppe der unter Jährigen bewerten jedoch über 54 Prozent ihre Englischkenntnisse als gut bis exzellent. Dies würde zugleich zu einer besseren Abgrenzung zwischen den Sprachen und einer Wahrung lokaler Sprachqualität beitragen.

Dabei liegt die Neuerung auf Seiten der deutschen Sprache; die englische Sprache bewahrt hier den altertümlichen germanischen Zustand.

In addition to the large number of uniquely Australian idioms in common use, there are instances of idioms taking different forms in Australian English than in other varieties, for instance:.

There also exist words in Australian English which are ascribed different meanings from those ascribed in other varieties of English, for instance: [28].

A non-exhaustive selection of British English terms not commonly used in Australian English include: [32].

A non-exhaustive list of American English terms not commonly found in Australian English include: [33]. As with American English, but unlike British English, collective nouns are almost always singular in construction, e.

Shan't , the negation of shall as in I shan't be happy if River generally follows the name of the river in question as in North America, i.

As with American English, on the weekend and studied medicine are used rather than the British at the weekend and read medicine.

Similarly, around is more commonly used in constructions such as running around , stomping around or messing around in contrast with the British convention of using about.

In common with British English, the past tense and past participles of the verbs learn , spell and smell are often irregular learnt , spelt , smelt.

Similarly, in Australian usage, the to in I'll write to you is retained, as opposed to US usage where it may be dropped. While prepositions before days may be omitted in American English, i.

Ranges of dates use to , i. When saying or writing out numbers, and is inserted before the tens, i. However Australians, like Americans, are more likely to pronounce numbers such as 1, as twelve hundred , rather than one thousand two hundred.

Similarly, a quarter to ten is used for rather than the American a quarter of ten. As in most English-speaking countries, there is no official governmental regulator or overseer of normative spelling and grammar.

The Macquarie Dictionary is used by some universities and some other organisations as a standard for Australian English spelling.

Australian spelling is closer to British than American spelling. As with British spelling, the u is retained in words such as colour , honour , labour and favour.

While the Macquarie Dictionary lists the -our ending and follows it with the -or ending as an acceptable variant, the latter is rarely found in actual use today.

Australian print media, including digital media, today strongly favour -our endings. Consistent with British spellings, -re , rather than -er , is the only listed variant in Australian dictionaries in words such as theatre , centre and manoeuvre.

Unlike British English, which is split between -ise and -ize in words such as organise and realise , with -ize favoured by the Oxford English Dictionary and -ise listed as a variant, -ize is rare in Australian English and designated as a variant by the Macquarie Dictionary.

Ae and oe are often maintained in words such as manoeuvre and paedophilia excepting those listed below ; however, the Macquarie Dictionary lists forms with e e.

Individual words where the preferred spelling is listed by the Macquarie Dictionary as being different from the British spellings include "program" in all contexts as opposed to "programme", "analog" antonym of "digital" as opposed to "analogue", "livable" as opposed to "liveable", "guerilla" as opposed to "guerrilla", "verandah" as opposed to "veranda", "burqa" as opposed to "burka", "pastie" food as opposed to "pasty".

Different spellings have existed throughout Australia's history. A pamphlet entitled The So-Called "American Spelling" , published in Sydney some time in the 19th century, argued that "there is no valid etymological reason for the preservation of the u in such words as honor , labor , etc.

This influence can be seen in the spelling of the Australian Labor Party and also in some place names such as Victor Harbor.

The Concise Oxford English Dictionary has been attributed with re-establishing the dominance of the British spellings in the s and s.

Both single and double quotation marks are in use with double quotation marks being far more common in print media , with logical as opposed to typesetter's punctuation.

Spaced and unspaced em-dashes remain in mainstream use, as with American and Canadian English. There are two major English language keyboard layouts , the United States layout and the United Kingdom layout.

Keyboards and keyboard software for the Australian market universally use the United States keyboard layout, which lacks pound sterling, Euro currency and negation symbols.

Punctuation symbols are also placed differently from British keyboards. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For Australians of English descent, see English Australians.

Dialect within the English language. Language family. Writing system. Main article: Australian English phonology. Main article: Variation in Australian English.

Main article: Australian English vocabulary. Australia portal Language portal. Australian Braille Authority. Retrieved 2 January Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 26 July Speaking our Language: the Story of Australian English.

South Melbourne: Oxford University Press. London: Hutchinson. Carlton, Vic. Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 15 August The Australian Language 1st ed.

Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Americanization and Australia 1. London: Arnold. Evans Australian Journal of Linguistics.

Archived from the original on 6 July Archived from the original on 31 December Someone's nicked me Strine". The Age.

Sydney Morning Herald. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

Trotz fortlaufender Autonomiebestrebungen erkennt Indonesien die Unabhängigkeit der Provinz bis heute nicht an. Januar im Internet Archive : History. Januar formierten sich die einst voneinander unabhängigen britischen Kolonien Australiens zum Commonwealth of Australiazum Australischen Bund. April ; abgerufen am So haben FüchseKatzen und Hunde zur Ausrottung mehrerer kleiner Beutelsäugerarten beigetragen, Huftiere zerstören den empfindlichen Boden und zur Jagd eingeführte Wildkaninchen konkurrieren erfolgreich mit den heimischen Pflanzenfressern. Besonderes Augenmerk liegt unter anderem auf der Beschreibung der Aussprache des australischen Englisch, regionaler und sozialer Variation und der Abgrenzung gegenüber dem neuseeländischen Englisch. Namentlich die Bevölkerung Neuguineas gilt als eine der heterogensten der Welt. Im Meer zählen neben giftigen Würfelquallen Haie als potenzielle Beste Spielothek in Ostlutter finden. Versteckte Kategorie: Wikipedia:Weblink offline. Jahrhunderts gelang australischer Kunst erstmals internationale Anerkennung. Australien ist Jackpot HГ¶he der späten Kreidezeit ca. Man heiratet immer exogam, also in die jeweils andere Moiety. In: handelsblatt. Dieses wird im Folgenden erläutert:. Alice Springs. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Monatliche Durchschnittstemperaturen und -niederschläge für Townsville. University of Wollongong, Australien, März , S. ff., siehe Tabelle "​Table D.1", abgerufen am 9. Januar (englisch). Die Aborigines (englisch [ˌæbəˈɹɪdʒɪniːz], „Ureinwohner“) sind die Ureinwohner Australiens. Sie besiedelten vor etwa bis Jahren den. Aufgrund der großen Nord-Süd-Ausdehnung des Kontinentes finden sich in Australien sehr العربية · English · Esperanto · Español · Suomi · Français · Gaeilge · Italiano · ქართული · Lietuvių · Norsk nynorsk · Norsk bokmål · Polski. Die Liste der Städte in Australien bietet einen Überblick über die Entwicklung der Afrikaans · አማርኛ · العربية · Boarisch · Български · Banjar · বাংলা · کوردی · Čeština · Чӑвашла · English · Esperanto · Español · فارسی · Suomi · Français. Die australischen Sprachen sind die Sprachen, die von der Urbevölkerung Australiens April im Internet Archive) McConvell, (englisch, PDF; 1,02 MB​). Increasingly it learn more here these services sectors, concentrated around the Perth metropolitan area, that provided jobs. Financial Review. Nobody had chosen them carefully. Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Retrieved 29 December See more from the original on 8 September Retrieved 30 November Australian Natural Resources Atlas. Workforce decentralisation and transport improvements made it possible for the establishment of small-scale manufacturing in the suburbs. Similarly, around is more commonly used in constructions such as running aroundstomping around or messing source in contrast with the British convention of using .

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Schon im Altertum ist von einem südlichen Kontinentwie Ptolemäus ihn im 1. Goodall : Maynard, Charles Frederick Fred — Gesänge decken das gesamte Bedeutungsspektrum von Erzählungen und Vergnügungsliedern bis hin zu hoch spirituellen Ritualen ab, die der Aufrechterhaltung der Totemidentität dienen. Erste Forderungen nach vollen Bürgerrechten und nach Landrechten kamen auf. Australien ist eines der wenigen Länder, die unter strengen Kontrollen den Anbau von Schlafmohn zur Opium -Gewinnung für die Pharma-Industrie Beste Spielothek in finden. Zum Inneren der Landmasse hin ist der Kontinent von semiaridem und aridem Klima geprägt. Australien Wikipedia Englisch Juli go here, geladen am 6. Südaustralien ist das bevölkerungsreichste Gebiet im Bereich des südlichen Ozonlochs. Landrechtsbewegungen here sich auch mit ökologischen Forderungen. Typische Vertreter der australischen Tierwelt sind die Beuteltiere. Auf Read article mangelnder Integration in die Mehrheitsgesellschaft und von Diskriminierung durch diese gehören viele Aborigines zum ärmsten Teil der australischen Gesellschaft. Vereinte Nationen sonstige Staaten. Gleichzeitig betreibt Australien eine offene Einwanderungspolitik hinsichtlich der legalen Migration. Im Sommerhalbjahr, das von November bis April andauert, treten in den Küstengebieten im Norden aufgrund eines Hitzetiefs Nordwestmonsune und starke Regenfälle auf. Rund zwölf Prozent der Landesfläche sind zu Schutzzonen erklärt worden. Dezemberabgerufen am 9. Australien Wikipedia Englisch

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